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Research and reports

We study how consumers interact with financial products and services to help identify potential problems in the marketplace and achieve better outcomes for all. Review our reports and analyses to help inform your decisions, policies, and practices. And, see reports that we periodically prepare about the CFPB.

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Category: Industry and markets |
Published

Mortgage Servicing COVID-19 Pandemic Response Metrics: New Observations from Data Reported by Sixteen Servicers for May-December 2021

This report presents the CFPB’s observations of data provided by sixteen mortgage servicers for the period May-December 2021 regarding key servicing metrics and COVID-19 pandemic response.

Category: To Congress |
Published

Fair Lending Report of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau 2021

The Bureau is committed to ensuring fair, equitable, and nondiscriminatory access to credit for both individuals, small businesses, and communities. This report describes our fair lending activities in enforcement and supervision; guidance and rulemaking; interagency coordination; and outreach and education for calendar year 2021.

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights, Issue 26, Spring 2022

This is the 26th edition of Supervisory Highlights. The findings included in this report cover examinations completed between July 2021 and December 2021 in the areas of auto servicing, consumer reporting, credit card account management, debt collection, deposits, mortgage origination, prepaid accounts, remittances, and student loan servicing.

Category: To Congress |
Published

Fair Debt Collection Practices Act Annual Report 2022

The Bureau’s annual report to Congress summarizes the Bureau’s activities to administer the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) in 2021 as the primary federal regulator of the consumer debt collection industry. This report also includes activities conducted by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in 2021 in relation to debt collection.

Category: Industry and markets |
Published

Consumer Use of State Payday Loan Extended Payment Plans

This report examines state payday loan extended payment plans, an intervention allowing consumers to repay their payday loans in no-cost installments. It finds that despite the prevalence of state laws providing for these plans, rollover and default rates consistently exceed extended payment plan usage rates.

Category: Consumer complaint | Category: To Congress |
Published

2021 Consumer Response annual report

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau began consumer response operations on July 21, 2011, and became the first federal agency solely focused on consumer financial protection. The Bureau’s Consumer Response team hears directly from consumers about the challenges they face in the marketplace, brings their concerns to the attention of financial institutions, and assists in addressing their complaints.

Category: Data point |
Published

New Data on the Characteristics of Mortgage Borrowers During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This COVID-19 Special Issue Brief follows up on a May 2021 report that discussed the characteristics of mortgage borrowers, including demographics, during the COVID-19 pandemic. A significant number of homeowners have transitioned out of those forbearances over the last year due, in part, to improving economic conditions and the expiration of protections under these programs for many loans beginning in the Fall of 2021. Given these changes, our goal in this report is to better understand the characteristics of borrowers who remain in forbearance, as reported through January 2022.

Category: Data spotlight |
Published

Data Spotlight: Medical debt among older adults before the pandemic

In 2018, 4.5 million adults ages 65 and older had medical debt, and many experienced significant hardships. This data spotlight describes the characteristics of older adults with medical debt, measured as having a past due medical bill, using the most recent data from the FINRA Foundation National Financial Capability Study (NFCS).

Category: To Congress |
Published

2021 Financial Literacy Annual Report

The 2021 Financial Literacy Annual Report details the CFPB’s financial literacy strategy and activities to improve the financial literacy of consumers. Overall, this report describes the CFPB’s efforts in a broad range of financial literacy areas relevant to consumers’ financial lives.

Category: Industry and markets |
Published

Medical debt burden in the United States

This report summarizes key areas of concern in medical debt collections and reporting. The report begins with a section describing the medical debt landscape. It then discusses the negative consequences of medical debt for consumers. Next, it outlines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical debt. The report concludes with a brief discussion of federal and state regulatory developments.

Category: To Congress |
Published

GAO-IG Act Reporting

On January 3, 2019, the Good Accounting Obligation in Government Act (GAO-IG Act) was enacted as Public Law number 115-414. The GAO-IG Act requires agencies to annually submit a report to Congress on the status of open public audit recommendations. This report is published by the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection in compliance with that law.

Published

2021 CFPB Annual Employee Survey Results

66.4% of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) employee population responded to the Annual Employee Survey (AES) administered from September 13 to October 15, 2021. CFPB leaders use feedback from tools such as the AES to develop strategies to promote a more inclusive, effective, and efficient organization. Survey results are shared across the organization to encourage leaders to actively seek and respond to opportunities to improve the employee work experience.

Category: Consumer education and empowerment |
Published

Justice-Involved Individuals and the Consumer Financial Marketplace

This report outlines challenges faced by justice-involved people and their families in navigating their finances at each stage of the criminal justice system.

Category: To Congress |
Published

State of Bureau Websites and Digital Services

This report provides an overview of the Bureau’s publicly available website and digital services, in accordance with the reporting requirements of the 21st Century Integrated Digital Experience Act or the 21st Century IDEA (Public Law No. 115-336).