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Enforcement actions

When we take an enforcement action against an entity or person we believe has violated the law, we will post court documents and other related materials here.

The Bureau may enforce the law by filing an action in federal district court or by initiating an administrative adjudication proceeding. Administrative proceedings are conducted by an Administrative Law Judge, who holds hearings and issues a recommended decision. Proceedings are conducted in accordance with the Rules of Practice for Adjudication Proceedings .

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1st Alliance Lending, LLC, et al.

On January 15, 2021, the Bureau filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut against 1st Alliance Lending, LLC, John Christopher DiIorio, Kevin Robert St. Lawrence, and Socrates Aramburu.

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Omni Financial of Nevada, Inc.

On December 30, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau issued a consent order against Omni Financial of Nevada, Inc.

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Santander Consumer USA Inc.

On December 22, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against Santander Consumer USA Inc. (Santander). Santander, a subsidiary of Banco Santander S.A., is a leading originator and servicer of nonprime auto loans and leases.

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Discover Bank, The Student Loan Corporation, and Discover Products, Inc.

On December 22, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against Discover Bank, The Student Loan Corporation, and Discover Products, Inc. (collectively, Discover). Discover Bank, headquartered in Greenwood, Delaware, is an insured depository institution that provides and services private student loans.

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Envios de Valores La Nacional Corp.

On December 21, 2020, the Bureau issued a Consent Order against Envios de Valores La Nacional (La Nacional). La Nacional provides remittance transfers to several countries overseas through a network of branches and over 1,400 agents.

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Seterus, Inc. and Kyanite Services, Inc.

On December 18, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against Seterus, Inc. (Seterus), a former mortgage servicer based in North Carolina, and Kyanite Services, Inc. (Kyanite).

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Alder Holdings, LLC

On December 11, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) and the Arkansas Attorney General filed a proposed stipulated final judgment and order in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas against Alder Holdings, LLC (Alder).

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BounceBack, Inc.

On December 9, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) filed a lawsuit in federal court in the Western District of Missouri against BounceBack, Inc. BounceBack, based in Kansas City, Missouri, operates bad-check pretrial-diversion programs on behalf of more than 90 district attorneys’ offices throughout the United States.

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RAB Performance Recoveries, LLC

On December 8, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against RAB Performance Recoveries, LLC (RAB) threatening to sue and suing to collect debts where it did not have a legally required license to do so.

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Nationstar Mortgage, LLC d/b/a Mr. Cooper

On December 7, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) filed a complaint and proposed stipulated judgment and order against Nationstar Mortgage, LLC, which does business as Mr. Cooper (Nationstar).

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LendUp Loans, LLC

On December 4, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California against LendUp Loans, LLC (LendUp).

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DMB Financial, LLC.

On December 1, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts against DMB Financial, LLC (DMB).

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U.S. Equity Advantage, Inc. and Robert M. Steenbergh

On November 20, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against U.S. Equity Advantage, Inc. (USEA) and its owner, Robert M. Steenbergh. Robert M. Steenbergh is the founder, sole-owner, and chief executive officer of USEA, a nonbank located in Orlando, Florida.

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Afni, Inc.

On November 12, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against Afni, Inc., a non-bank third-party debt collector located based in Illinois that specializes in collecting telecommunications debt.

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Driver Loan, LLC and Angelo Jose Sarjeant

On November 5, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) filed a lawsuit against Driver Loan, LLC and its Chief Executive Officer, Angelo Jose Sarjeant, for violations of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 (CFPA).

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SMART Payment Plan, LLC

On November 2, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against SMART Payment Plan, LLC (SMART), a limited liability company with its principal place of business in Austin, Texas.

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Washington Federal, N.A.

On October 27, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) settled with Washington Federal Bank, N.A., a federally insured, for-profit national bank headquartered in Seattle, Washington.

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Low VA Rates, LLC

On October 26, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against Low VA Rates, LLC (Low VA Rates), a Utah-based mortgage lender and broker incorporated in Colorado and licensed in 48 states and the District of Columbia.

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Nissan Motor Acceptance Corporation

On October 13, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against Nissan Motor Acceptance Corporation (Nissan), an auto financing subsidiary of Nissan North America, Inc., which services auto loans and leases originated by Nissan and Infiniti dealerships nationwide.

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Lobel Financial Corporation

On September 21, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against Lobel Financial Corporation, an auto-loan servicer based in Anaheim, California.

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PEAKS Trust 2009-1 et al.

On September 15, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) filed a proposed stipulated judgment against PEAKS Trust 2009-1, along with Deutsche Bank National Trust Company, Deutsche Bank Trust Company Delaware, and Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas, in their capacity as trustees to PEAKS Trust 2009-1 (collectively, PEAKS).

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Performance SLC, LLC, Performance Settlement, LLC and Daniel Crenshaw

On November 5, 2020, the Bureau filed a lawsuit in the federal district court for the Central District of California against Performance SLC, LLC (PSLC), a California debt-relief business focused on federal student loan debt; Performance Settlement, LLC (PSettlement), a California debt-settlement company; and Daniel Crenshaw, the owner and CEO of the two companies.

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ClearPath Lending, Inc.

On September 14, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against ClearPath Lending, Inc. (ClearPath), a California corporation that is licensed as a mortgage broker or lender in about 22 states.

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JPL Recovery Solutions, LLC, et al.

On September 8, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, in partnership with the New York Attorney General, filed suit in the federal district court for the Western District of New York against a network of five different companies based outside of Buffalo, New York.

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