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Research and reports

We study how consumers interact with financial products and services to help identify potential problems in the marketplace and achieve better outcomes for all. Review our reports and analyses to help inform your decisions, policies, and practices. And, see reports that we periodically prepare about the CFPB.

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Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights, Issue 28, Fall 2022

This is the 28th edition of Supervisory Highlights. The findings in this report cover examinations in the areas of auto servicing, consumer reporting, credit card account management, debt collection, deposits, mortgage origination, mortgage servicing and payday lending completed between January 1, 2022, and June 31, 2022.

Category: Industry and markets |
Published

Mortgage Servicing COVID-19 Pandemic Response Metrics: New Observations from Data Reported by Sixteen Servicers for May-December 2021

This report presents the CFPB’s observations of data provided by sixteen mortgage servicers for the period May-December 2021 regarding key servicing metrics and COVID-19 pandemic response.

Category: Data point |
Published

New Data on the Characteristics of Mortgage Borrowers During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This COVID-19 Special Issue Brief follows up on a May 2021 report that discussed the characteristics of mortgage borrowers, including demographics, during the COVID-19 pandemic. A significant number of homeowners have transitioned out of those forbearances over the last year due, in part, to improving economic conditions and the expiration of protections under these programs for many loans beginning in the Fall of 2021. Given these changes, our goal in this report is to better understand the characteristics of borrowers who remain in forbearance, as reported through January 2022.

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights, Issue 25, Fall 2021

This is the 25th edition of Supervisory Highlights. The findings included in this report cover examinations completed between January 2021 and June 2021 in the areas of credit card account management, debt collection, deposits, fair lending, mortgage servicing, payday lending, prepaid accounts, and remittance transfers.

Category: Industry and markets |
Published

Mortgage Servicing COVID-19 Pandemic Response Metrics: Observations from Data Reported by Sixteen Servicers

This report presents the CFPB’s observations of data provided by sixteen large mortgage servicers regarding COVID-19 pandemic response, including key metrics such as call center data; forbearance requests, denials, and exits; delinquency; and borrower profiles.

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights, Issue 24, Summer 2021

This is the 24th edition of Supervisory Highlights. The findings included in this report cover examinations in the areas of auto servicing, consumer reporting, debt collection, deposits, fair lending, mortgage origination, mortgage servicing, payday lending, private education loan origination and student loan servicing that were completed between January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020.

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights, COVID-19 Prioritized Assessments Special Edition (Issue 23)

This is a special edition of Supervisory Highlights that details the Bureau’s Prioritized Assessment (PA) work. PA observations are described in the areas of mortgage, auto and student loan servicing, credit card account management, consumer reporting-furnishing, debt collection, deposits, prepaid cards, and small business lending.

The report does not impose any new or different legal requirements, and all observations described in the report are based only on those specific facts and circumstances noted during those PAs.

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights, Issue No. 22 (Summer 2020)

In this edition of Supervisory Highlights, we report examination findings in the areas of consumer reporting, debt collection, deposits, fair lending, mortgage servicing and payday lending. The report does not impose any new or different legal requirements, and all violations described in the report are based only on those specific facts and circumstances noted during those examinations.

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights, Issue No. 21 (Winter 2020)

In this issue of Supervisory Highlights, we report examination findings in the areas of debt collection, mortgage servicing, payday lending, and student loan servicing that were completed between April 2019 and August 2019. The report does not impose any new or different legal requirements, and all violations described in the report are based only on those specific facts and circumstances noted during those examinations.

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights, Issue No. 18 (Winter 2019)

In this issue of Supervisory Highlights, we report examination findings in the areas of automobile loan servicing, deposits, mortgage servicing, and remittances that were generally completed between June 2018 and November 2018. The report does not impose any new or different legal requirements, and all violations described in the report are based only on those specific facts and circumstances noted during those examinations. As in past editions, this report includes information about recent public enforcement actions that were a result, at least in part, of our supervisory work. 

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights: Summer 2018

In this issue of Supervisory Highlights, we report examination findings in the areas of automobile loan servicing, credit cards, debt collection, mortgage servicing, payday lending, and small business lending that were generally completed between December 2017 and May 2018.

Category: Industry and markets |
Published

Diversity and Inclusion in the Mortgage Industry: Readout from an opening roundtable

This report summarizes strategies for promoting diversity and inclusion used by mortgage industry participants as discussed at the Bureau’s initial roundtable. It highlights the business case for diversity along with current approaches and practices used in the mortgage industry, such as establishing buy-in from top leadership, integrating principles of inclusion in recruiting and hiring, and the importance of data in assessing the impact of diversity on keeping organizations competitive. The report is the result of the CFPB’s collaboration with the financial services industry to raise awareness of the importance of strengthening diversity and inclusion within organizations.

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights: Spring 2017

In this issue of Supervisory Highlights, we report examination findings in the areas of mortgage servicing, mortgage origination, student loan servicing, and fair lending. As in past editions, this report includes information about recent public enforcement actions that were a result, at least in part, of our supervisory work. The report also includes information on recently released examination procedures and Bureau guidance.

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights Mortgage Servicing Special Edition

In this eleventh issue of Supervisory Highlights, we share findings from recent supervisory examination observations in mortgage servicing.  The report also discusses Supervision’s approach mortgage to servicing exams, including a description of recent changes to the mortgage servicing chapter of the CFPB Supervision and Examination Manual.

Category: Supervisory Highlights |
Published

Supervisory Highlights: Fall 2014

The supervision of companies offering financial products and services is one of our core functions, and we remain committed to periodically publishing Supervisory Highlights to share general information about examination findings without identifying specific institutions (except for public enforcement actions).