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Final rules

Rules listed here are final rules issued by the CFPB. To identify all the rules related to a single consumer financial product, use the filter tool below.

Types of final rules

Final Rule

Other than interim final rules, this includes all CFPB final rules, including procedural and interpretive rules. Generally, final rules go through notice and comment  before issuance.

Interim Final Rule

Under some circumstances, the CFPB may issue final rules without a comment period before issuance. The CFPB may request comment on these rules and may later alter the rules, if necessary.

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123 filtered results
Category: Final rule |

Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures Annual Adjustment

This final rule amends an appendix for Regulation V, which implements the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). The Bureau is required to calculate annually the dollar amount of the maximum allowable charge for disclosures by a consumer reporting agency to a consumer pursuant to FCRA section 609; this final rule establishes the maximum allowable charge for the 2023 calendar year.

Advisory Opinion on Fair Credit Reporting; Facially False Data

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is issuing this advisory opinion to highlight that a consumer reporting agency that does not implement reasonable internal controls to prevent the inclusion of facially false data, including logically inconsistent information, in consumer reports it prepares is not using reasonable procedures to assure maximum possible accuracy under section 607(b) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA).

Category: Final rule |

Limited Applicability of Consumer Financial Protection Act’s “Time or Space” Exception to Digital Marketers

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is issuing this interpretive rule to address digital marketing providers that commingle the targeting and delivery of advertisements to consumers, such as by using algorithmic models or other analytics, with the provision of advertising “time or space.” Digital marketing providers that are materially involved in the development of content strategy would not fall within the “time or space” exception as interpreted by the Bureau.

Advisory Opinion on Debt Collectors’ Collection of Pay-to-Pay Fees

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is issuing this advisory opinion to affirm that the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act and Regulation F prohibit debt collectors from charging consumers pay-to-pay fees (also known as convenience fees) for making payment a particular way, such as by telephone or online, unless those fees are expressly authorized by the underlying agreement or are affirmatively permitted by law.

The Fair Credit Reporting Act’s Limited Preemption of State Laws

States play an important role in the regulation of consumer reporting. State laws that are not “inconsistent” with the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) are generally not preempted by that statute. The FCRA also expressly preempts certain categories of State laws. This interpretive rule clarifies that FCRA’s express preemption provisions have a narrow and targeted scope. States therefore retain substantial flexibility to pass laws involving consumer reporting to reflect emerging problems affecting their local economies and citizens.

Category: Final rule |

Civil Penalty Inflation Adjustments

The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as amended by the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 and further amended by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Inflation Adjustment Act, directs Federal agencies to adjust for inflation the civil penalty amounts within their jurisdiction not later than July 1, 2016, and then not later than January 15 every year thereafter.

Category: Final rule |

Home Mortgage Disclosure (Regulation C) Adjustment to Asset-Size Exemption Threshold

The Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (Bureau) is issuing a final rule amending the official commentary that interprets the requirements of the Bureau's Regulation C (Home Mortgage Disclosure) to reflect the asset-size exemption threshold for banks, savings associations, and credit unions based on the annual percentage change in the average of the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W).

Category: Final rule |

Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z) Adjustment to Asset-Size Exemption Threshold

This rule amends Regulation Z (Truth in Lending) to implement certain amendments to the Truth in Lending Act made by the Dodd-Frank Act. This rule amends the official commentary that interprets the requirements of the Bureau’s Regulation Z (Truth in Lending) to reflect changes in the asset-size thresholds for certain creditors to qualify for an exemption to the requirement to establish an escrow account for a higher-priced mortgage loan. These changes reflect updates to, together with affiliates that regularly extended covered transactions secured by first liens, had total assets of less than $2 billion (adjusted annually for inflation) and the exemption the Bureau added, by implementing section 108 of the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act (EGRRCPA), for certain insured depository institutions and insured credit unions with assets of $10 billion or less (adjusted annually for inflation). These amendments are based on the annual percentage change in the average of the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). Based on the 4.7 percent increase in the average of the CPI-W for the 12-month period ending in November 2021, the exemption threshold for creditors and their affiliates that regularly extended covered transactions secured by first liens is adjusted to $2.336 billion from $2.230 billion. The exemption threshold for certain insured depository institutions and insured credit unions with assets of $10 billion or less (adjusted annually for inflation) is adjusted to $10.473 billion from $10 billion.

Category: Final rule |

Appraisals for Higher-Priced Mortgage Loans Exemption Threshold Adjustments

This final rule increases the dollar threshold exempting certain credit extensions from the special appraisal requirements for higher-priced mortgage loans from $28,500 to $31,000, effective January 1, 2023. final rule announces the increase in the exemption threshold from $27,200 to $28,500, effective January 1, 2022.

Category: Final rule |

Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures

This final rule amends an appendix for Regulation V, which implements the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). The Bureau is required to calculate annually the dollar amount of the maximum allowable charge for disclosures by a consumer reporting agency to a consumer pursuant to FCRA section 609; this final rule establishes the maximum allowable charge for the 2022 calendar year.

Category: Final rule |

Truth in Lending (Regulation Z) Annual Threshold Adjustments (Credit Cards, HOEPA, and Qualified Mortgages)

This final rule revises, as applicable, the dollar amounts for provisions implementing TILA and amendments to TILA, including under the Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act of 2009 (CARD Act), the Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act of 1994 (HOEPA), and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act). The Bureau is adjusting these amounts, where appropriate, based on the annual percentage change reflected in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) in effect on June 1, 2021.