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Enforcement actions

When we take an enforcement action against an entity or person we believe has violated the law, we will post court documents and other related materials here.

The Bureau may enforce the law by filing an action in federal district court or by initiating an administrative adjudication proceeding. Administrative proceedings are conducted by an Administrative Law Judge, who holds hearings and issues a recommended decision. Proceedings are conducted in accordance with the Rules of Practice for Adjudication Proceedings .

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DMB Financial, LLC

On December 1, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts against DMB Financial, LLC (DMB).

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U.S. Equity Advantage, Inc. and Robert M. Steenbergh

On November 20, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against U.S. Equity Advantage, Inc. (USEA) and its owner, Robert M. Steenbergh. Robert M. Steenbergh is the founder, sole-owner, and chief executive officer of USEA, a nonbank located in Orlando, Florida.

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Afni, Inc.

On November 12, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against Afni, Inc., a non-bank third-party debt collector located based in Illinois that specializes in collecting telecommunications debt.

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Performance SLC, LLC, Performance Settlement, LLC and Daniel Crenshaw

On November 5, 2020, the Bureau filed a lawsuit in the federal district court for the Central District of California against Performance SLC, LLC (PSLC), a California debt-relief business focused on federal student loan debt; Performance Settlement, LLC (PSettlement), a California debt-settlement company; and Daniel Crenshaw, the owner and CEO of the two companies.

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Driver Loan, LLC, and Angelo Jose Sarjeant

On November 5, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) filed a lawsuit against Driver Loan, LLC and its Chief Executive Officer, Angelo Jose Sarjeant, for violations of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 (CFPA).

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SMART Payment Plan, LLC

On November 2, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against SMART Payment Plan, LLC (SMART), a limited liability company with its principal place of business in Austin, Texas.

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Washington Federal, N.A.

On October 27, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) settled with Washington Federal Bank, N.A., a federally insured, for-profit national bank headquartered in Seattle, Washington.

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Low VA Rates, LLC

On October 26, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against Low VA Rates, LLC (Low VA Rates), a Utah-based mortgage lender and broker incorporated in Colorado and licensed in 48 states and the District of Columbia.

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Nissan Motor Acceptance Corporation

On October 13, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against Nissan Motor Acceptance Corporation (Nissan), an auto financing subsidiary of Nissan North America, Inc., which services auto loans and leases originated by Nissan and Infiniti dealerships nationwide.

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Lobel Financial Corporation

On September 21, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against Lobel Financial Corporation, an auto-loan servicer based in Anaheim, California.

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PEAKS Trust 2009-1 et al.

On September 15, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) filed a proposed stipulated judgment against PEAKS Trust 2009-1, along with Deutsche Bank National Trust Company, Deutsche Bank Trust Company Delaware, and Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas, in their capacity as trustees to PEAKS Trust 2009-1 (collectively, PEAKS).

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ClearPath Lending, Inc.

On September 14, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against ClearPath Lending, Inc. (ClearPath), a California corporation that is licensed as a mortgage broker or lender in about 22 states.

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JPL Recovery Sols., Check Sec. Assocs. (d/b/a Warner Location Servs., Orchard Payment Processing Sys.), ROC Asset Sols. (d/b/a API Recovery Sols.), Regency One Capital, Keystone Recovery Grp., Christopher Di Re, Scott Croce, Brian Koziel, Marc Gracie

On September 8, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, in partnership with the New York Attorney General, filed suit in the federal district court for the Western District of New York against a network of five different companies based outside of Buffalo, New York.

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Accelerate Mortgage, LLC

On September 2, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against Accelerate Mortgage, LLC (Accelerate), a Delaware limited liability corporation that is licensed as a mortgage broker and lender in about 31 states.

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Hypotec, Inc.

On September 1, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against Hypotec, Inc., a Miami-based corporation that is licensed as a mortgage broker or lender in eight states. Hypotec offers and provides mortgage loans guaranteed by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).

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Service 1st Mortgage, Inc.

On September 1, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against Service 1st Mortgage, Inc. (Service 1st), a Maryland-based corporation that is licensed as a mortgage broker or lender in about 12 states.

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Trans-Fast Remittance LLC

On August 31, 2020, the Bureau issued a Consent Order against Trans-Fast Remittance LLC (Trans-Fast). Trans-Fast, which until recently was a remittance transfer provider, is based in New York, New York and licensed in over 30 states.

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Sigue Corporation, SGS Corporation, and GroupEx Corporation

On August 31, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against Sigue Corporation and its subsidiaries, SGS Corporation and GroupEx Corporation, which are all headquartered in Sylmar, California and provide consumers with international money-transfer services, including remittance-transfer services. Sigue and its subsidiaries have a distribution network with over 200,000 send-and-receive locations, offices in 18 countries, and operations in all 50 states.

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PHLoans.com, Inc.

On August 26, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against PHLoans.com, Inc. (PHLoans), a California corporation that is licensed as a mortgage broker or lender in about 11 states.

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Go Direct Lenders, Inc.

On August 21, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) issued a consent order against Go Direct Lenders, Inc. (Go Direct), a California corporation that is licensed as a mortgage broker or lender in about 11 states.

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TD Bank, N.A.

On August 20, 2020, the Bureau issued a consent order against TD Bank, N.A. regarding its marketing and sale of its optional overdraft service: Debit Card Advance (DCA).

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Sovereign Lending Group, Inc.

On July 24, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau issued a consent order against Sovereign Lending Group, Inc. (Sovereign), a California corporation that is licensed as a mortgage broker or lender in about 44 states and the District of Columbia. The Bureau found that Sovereign violated the CFPA’s prohibition against deceptive acts and practices, the MAP Rule, and Regulation Z.

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Prime Choice Funding, Inc.

On July 24, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau issued a consent order against Prime Choice Funding, Inc. (Prime Choice), a California corporation that is licensed as a mortgage broker or lender in about 35 states and the District of Columbia. The Bureau found that Prime Choice violated the CFPA’s prohibition against deceptive acts and practices, the MAP Rule, and Regulation Z.

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