Small business lending rulemaking
We have issued a final rule to implement section 1071 of the Dodd-Frank Act.
In the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Congress directed the Bureau to adopt regulations governing the collection of small business lending data. Section 1071 of the Dodd-Frank Act amended the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) to require financial institutions to compile, maintain, and submit to the Bureau certain data on applications for credit for women-owned, minority-owned, and small businesses.
Congress enacted section 1071 for the purpose of:
- Facilitating enforcement of fair lending laws
- Enabling communities, governmental entities, and creditors to identify business and community development needs and opportunities for women-owned, minority-owned, and small businesses
Compliance date stay
As a result of ongoing litigation, all deadlines for compliance with the small business lending rule currently are stayed for all covered financial institutions.
Final rule and compliance resources
On March 30, 2023, we issued a final rule amending Regulation B to implement changes to ECOA made by section 1071 of the Dodd-Frank Act. Consistent with section 1071, covered financial institutions are required to collect and report to the CFPB data on applications for credit for small businesses, including those that are owned by women or minorities. The rule also addresses our approach to privacy interests and the publication of section 1071 data; shielding certain demographic data from underwriters and other persons; recordkeeping requirements; enforcement provisions; and the rule’s effective and compliance dates.
We also released a document describing our methodology for estimating how many banks will be required to report under the rule and for producing market-level estimates of associated costs.
CFPB staff can provide informal guidance in response to questions you submit about the rule.
Notice of proposed rulemaking
On September 1, 2021, we issued a proposed rule amending Regulation B to implement changes to ECOA made by section 1071 of the Dodd-Frank Act.
We released a for this notice as well as a and to assist the public in reviewing our proposal. We also released a document describing our for estimating how many banks would be required to report under the proposed rule and for producing market-level estimates of associated costs.
SBREFA Outline of proposals and Panel report
Under the process established by Congress in the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA), we are required to consult with representatives of small entities likely to be affected directly by the regulations we are considering proposing and to obtain feedback on the likely impacts the rules we are considering would have on small entities.
On September 15, 2020, we released an Outline of Proposals Under Consideration and Alternatives Considered, which describes proposals that we are considering to implement section 1071 along with the relevant law, the regulatory process, and an economic analysis of the potential impacts of the proposals on directly affected small entities.
On October 15, 2020, the CFPB convened a Small Business Review Panel for its section 1071 rulemaking. The panel is comprised of a representative from the CFPB, the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration, and a representative from the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the Office of Management and Budget. The panel collects advice and recommendations from representatives of small entities that are likely to be subject to the regulation that the CFPB is considering proposing.
On December 15, 2020, we released the Final Report of the Small Business Review Panel on the CFPB’s Proposals Under Consideration for the Small Business Lending Data Collection Rulemaking. This report includes a summary of the feedback received from small entity representatives during the panel process, and findings and recommendations made by the panel.
May 10, 2017
CFPB held a field hearing on small business lending in Los Angeles, CA. The CFPB also issued a Request for Information Regarding the Small Business Lending Market, and released a report on Key dimensions of the small business lending landscape. Read former Director Cordray’s remarks from the field hearing.
Nov. 6, 2019
CFPB held a symposium focused on Section 1071 of the Dodd-Frank Act.
Jan. 23, 2020
CFPB released a report on Small business lending and the Great Recession.
July 22, 2020
CFPB released a voluntary survey to measure the one-time costs of compliance with an eventual small business lending data collection rule.
Sept. 15, 2020
CFPB released an for the small business lending data collection rulemaking, along with a and a . Learn more in the press release.
Dec. 15, 2020
CFPB released the . Learn more in the press release.
Sept. 1, 2021
CFPB issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Small Business Lending Data Collection Under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (Regulation B), along with a , a , , and a . Learn more in the press release and read former Acting Director Uejio’s remarks.
March 30, 2023
CFPB issued a Final Rule on Small Business Lending Under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (Regulation B), along with materials and tools to explain the final rule, a Filing Instructions Guide, and a description of our methodology for estimating institutional coverage and market-wide cost estimates. Learn more about the final rule in the press release, , and read Director Chopra's remarks.