How can I figure out if I can afford to buy a home and take out a mortgage?

Focus on a mortgage that is affordable for you given your other priorities, not how much you qualify for.

Lenders will often tell you how much you are qualified to borrow – that is, how much they are willing to loan you. Several online calculators will compare your income and debts and come up with similar answers based on standard ratios. But how much you could borrow is very different from how much you can afford to repay without stretching your budget for other important items too thin. Lenders do not take into account all your family and financial circumstances.

To know how much you can afford to repay, you’ll need to take a hard look at your family’s income, expenses and savings priorities to see what fits comfortably within your budget. Also, remember that your monthly payment could change in the future, depending on what type of mortgage loan you have. Consider how future, higher mortgage payments will fit in with your budget.


Don’t forget other mortgage- and home-related costs when determining your ideal payment. Homeowner’s insurance, property taxes, and possibly private mortgage insurance or homeowners association fees are typically added to your monthly mortgage payment, so be sure to include these costs when calculating how much you can afford. There may also be costs for repairs and maintenance of your home. You can get estimates from your insurance agent, local tax assessor, homeowners association, and lender. Knowing how much you can comfortably pay each month will also help you estimate a reasonable price range for your new home.



Don’t sacrifice savings in order to buy a bigger house. When reviewing your budget to determine an affordable mortgage payment, don’t forget about your savings. You likely will still need to save for emergencies, retirement, college for the children, and other priorities even after you’re a homeowner. Consider adding more money to your emergency fund or household fund to avoid going into debt to pay for sudden repairs, expensive replacements, or other necessities.



Learn how new mortgage rules may help you when you shop for a mortgage.



Ask CFPB provides general consumer information. It is not legal advice or regulatory guidance. The CFPB updates this information periodically.

Ask CFPB includes links or references to third-party resources or content. The CFPB does not endorse the third-party or guarantee the accuracy of this third-party information. There may be other resources that also serve your needs.

Read full answer Hide full answer