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What student loan option is best for me: federal student loans or private student loans?

If you must take out student loans, federal student loans are the best option for the vast majority of borrowers since they have fixed interest rates and more protections.

It is best to max out your federal student loan options before you borrow any private student loans. Federal student loans usually carry more flexible protections if you run into difficulty in repaying your loans, and all new federal student loans have fixed interest rates, meaning the rate does not change over the life of your loan. Private student loans may have variable interest rates, which can reset every month or quarter, causing your monthly payments to change.

If you are a graduate or professional student, there are rare cases where a private loan could be a better option than a Federal Grad PLUS loan . This may occur if you:

  • Are a graduate or professional school student with a high certainty of job placement
  • Have a very high credit score
  • Can borrow at interest rates substantially lower than the interest rate of a Grad PLUS loan
  • Are completely committed to finishing the degree program on time
  • Have a specific plan to repay your loans within a few years of graduation (rather than repaying over 10 or more years, increasing the risk of the rate increasing)
  • Have already borrowed as much as you can under the Direct and Perkins Loan programs

If all of these apply to you, you may want to consider private student loan options instead of Federal Grad PLUS loans since a private loan may have a lower initial interest rate. As a graduate or professional student, you may be more certain of your job prospects and earning potential, and rate changes may have less impact if you expect to quickly repay the loan.

Every student’s situation is different. Consult with your school’s financial aid office for additional information.

Learn more about choosing a loan that’s right for you.