On December 9, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) filed a lawsuit in federal court in the Western District of Missouri against BounceBack, Inc. BounceBack, based in Kansas City, Missouri, operates bad-check pretrial-diversion programs on behalf of more than 90 district attorneys’ offices throughout the United States. The Bureau alleges that since at least 2015, in the course of administering these bad-check pretrial-diversion programs, BounceBack used district-attorney letterheads to threaten more than 19,000 consumers with prosecution if they did not pay the amount of the check, enroll and pay for a financial-education course, and pay various other fees. BounceBack did not reveal to consumers that BounceBack—and not district attorneys—sent the letters, or that district attorneys almost never prosecuted these cases, even when consumers ignored BounceBack’s threats. In fact, in most cases, BounceBack did not refer cases for prosecution, even if the check writer failed to respond to its collection letter. BounceBack’s letters also failed to include disclosures required under the FDCPA. The Bureau alleges that BounceBack’s conduct violated the FDCPA, was deceptive under both the FDCPA and the CFPA, and that its violations of the FDCPA constituted violations of the CFPA. The Bureau’s complaint seeks injunctions against BounceBack, as well as damages, redress to consumers, disgorgement of ill-gotten gains, and the imposition of a civil money penalty.