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Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) examination procedures

Updated Oct. 30, 2015

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Includes reference to revised ECOA baseline review procedures


In January 2013, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) amended Regulation B to reflect the Dodd-Frank Act amendments requiring creditors to provide applicants with free copies of all appraisals and other written valuations developed in connection with all credit applications to be secured by a first lien on a dwelling. This amendment to Regulation B also requires creditors to notify applicants in writing that copies of all appraisals will be provided to them promptly.

The Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), which is implemented by Regulation B, applies to all creditors. When originally enacted, ECOA gave the Federal Reserve Board responsibility for prescribing the implementing regulation. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Dodd-Frank Act) transferred this authority to the CFPB. The Dodd-Frank Act granted rule-making authority under ECOA to the CFPB and, with respect to entities within its jurisdiction, granted authority to the CFPB to supervise for and enforce compliance with ECOA and its implementing regulations. In December 2011, the CFPB restated the Federal Reserve’s implementing regulation at 12 CFR Part 1002 (76 Fed. Reg. 79442) (Dec. 21, 2011).