Data Point: 2021 Mortgage Market Activity and Trends
This Data Point article provides an overview of residential mortgage lending in 2021 based on the data collected under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA). HMDA is a data collection, reporting, and disclosure statute enacted in 1975. HMDA data are used to assist in determining whether financial institutions are serving the housing credit needs of their local communities; facilitate public entities’ distribution of funds to local communities to attract private investment; and help identify possible discriminatory lending patterns and enforce antidiscrimination statutes. Institutions covered by HMDA are required to collect and report specified information about each mortgage application acted upon and mortgage purchased. The data include the disposition of each application for mortgage credit; the type, purpose, and characteristics of each home mortgage application or purchased loan; the census-tract designations of the properties; loan pricing information; demographic and other information about loan applicants, such as their race, ethnicity, sex, age, and income; and information about loan sales.